- Tai Chi Quan Treatise, By Wang Zong-Yue (太極拳論 – 王宗嶽)
TaiChi, generated from WuJi, is the mother of Yin and Yang. When it been stimulated Yin and Yang separate, whereas they cooperate in still scenarios, no excess no insufficiency, all the way following curve routes and gripping the chance of stretching. Smoothly retreating from a steady advance is circuitousness; lightly coherence on a withdrawal is adherence. Responding quickly to swift motions while leisurely following the slow movements, though there is variety of states however the principle remains the same. Through hardly practicing of Taiji skill, gradually awareness of mastering Taiji Jing (勁), then move toward enlightenment stage; however if and only if a long period of persistent effort one can suddenly thoroughly understanding.
To lift the upmost head with empty mind, to sink the qi downward to Dan-Tien(丹田), impartially maintain central axial, suddenly appearing and suddenly disappearing, with empty responding to the heaviness no matter coming from left or right; leading the upward striking to the higher and versa for downward attacking to the deeper, the more the advances the longer the distance (to touch), the more the retreats the shorter the space (to escape); the body is so sensitive that a feather cannot be effetely burdened and a fly cannot land steady; the opponent couldn’t hear me, only I can know him. Mastering all these skills, a peerless hero without competitor is achieved.
- Thirteen Stances – by Wu, Yu-Xiang (十三勢 – 武禹襄)
Chanǵ Quań (長拳, Thirteen Stances), is like a long river flowing to the ocean on and on ceaselessly. The thirteen Stances including; Peng(掤, warding off), Lv(捋, rolling back), Ji(擠, pressing), An(按, pushing), Chai(採, plucking), Lie(列, rending), Zhou(肘, elbowing), Kao(靠, bumping) – which relate to the eight trigrams(八卦). Jin(進, advancing)，Tui(退, retreating)，Gu, Pan(顧盼, watching to the left and to the right), and Din(定, remain in central axial) – which relate to the five elements.
Peng, Lv, Ji, An(掤捋擠按), correspond to Qian, Kun, Kan, Li (乾坤坎離) which represent four principle directions; Chai, Lie, Zhou, Kao(採列肘靠) correspond to Xun, Zhen, Dui, Gen (巽震兌艮) which represent four corner directions. Jin, Tui, Gu, Pan, Din(進退顧盼定) correspond to metal, wood, water, fire, and earth. These combined are called the Thirteen Stances.
- Thought Essentials of Thirteen Stances Practice (十三勢行工心解)
Once in moving each body part should be lightness and agility, there are integrally connected throughout the entire body. Qi is tide activated, mind is humbling, there is no defect, no shrink and no protrude, and without intermittent spot in the body system.
The root is in the feet, delivering through the legs, governing by the waist and expressing at the fingers. From foot through leg to waist, the movement is linked continuously in a unified manner; so that no matter advancing or retreating, the superior position and advantage is gained. If superiority is not acquired then entire body loss its coordination, the problems have to backtracking to waist and legs, wherever directions moving toward, up, down, front, back, left, right, etc., all the same. And all of these rely on the Yi, an internal consciousness, nothing related to external contacts.
When actions applied with an upward there accompanied with a downward; similarly, the cases with forward / backward and with left / right. For those intents to go upward in mind, a downward intention applied. As if those intend to lift opponent up, and push him with downward pressure, then the opponent shall lose his root; this is because of he has been rapidly repelled with no doubt.
Empty and full must be clearly recognized. Every part has the empty or full, and every portion should aware of its own empty or full. All segments of the body are linked thoroughly; there are no minor disconnections in between.